The Viele Map

Created by Egbert L. Viele in 1865, the Sanitary and Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York (aka the Viele map), shows the pre-grid, natural state of the island, including some 500 hills, 88 miles of streams, 21 ponds and 300 springs.

Thursday, February 3, 2011

298 Grand Street, Then and Now

Just a quick fun post. Going through the Museum of the City of New York’s archives I found this 1932 picture of 298 Grand Street.  The Federal-style home below was already 100 years old at the time (they'd stopped building dormer windows around 1840).  By 1932, this was in the heart of the Jewish Lower East side, and textiles were the major industry—it looks like Haddad’s is selling Linens, Curtains, Bed Sets, Silk Underwear

Most single family homes lasted just a few decades before becoming multiple family dwellings and/or businesses, such was the vortex-like growth of Manhattan’s population.

You can see the tracks of the Second Avenue railroad in the street.  Horse-drawn cars ran south on Allen Street, west along Grand Street (below), and turned north up Second Avenue.

MNY80077 1932 298 Grand StiMuseum of the City of New York

And here it is today in the middle of Chinatown.  All three buildings are still there, slightly modified.

9 comments:

  1. That's awesome! Crazy how much a neighborhood can change. Maybe a post on the origin and growth of Chinatown is in order?

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  2. Absolutely! I'm trying to figure out how to approach the whole area. Thanks for your comment!

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  3. Phenomenal. I just can never get enough of then and now photos, it's like an addiction.

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  4. Great photos! According to the link below, the tracks may have extended on Grand St. all the way to the East River where they met the Grand St. Ferry:

    "The tracks had been part of The Forty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad, a 19th century horse-drawn streetcar line which began operations in 1862, extending from the 42nd Street Ferry on the Hudson River to the Grand Street Ferry on the East River."
    http://home2.nyc.gov/html/nycha////html/resources/work_begins.shtml

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  5. More research turns up additional streetcars that ran on Grand St, including one that went from City Hall to Brooklyn (over the Williamsburg Bridge). It ran on Bowery, Grand St, Essex St, and Delancey St. It was called the "Post Office Line." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_streetcar_lines_in_Manhattan

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  6. Thanks for the complete picture, Randy! I had looked up that part of Grand Street in The Historical Atlas of New York City, Eric Homberger (1st ed. p. 99), to see what he had to say about the area. If you look at the map on that page, from 1865, he has the Second Avenue railroad running down 1st, across Grand, and up 2nd. It was obviously part of a much more extensive system. Thanks again!

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  7. After a passage of time, everything gets change. As you have shown both the pictures of Grand Street, there is a lot of difference between both. Really very nice.

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